The Principle of Shabbat (Sabbath)
Dr. Himie Pickett
Adoni (the Lord) instituted the principle of observing Shabbat (Sabbath) for a reason that was greater than the Law of Moses. The principle of the Shabbat is about faith in Adoni. Shabbat within the Jewish community is to rest on the seventh day (Saturday) from all work and spend time in fellowship with friends, family, and Adoni.
The objective of this essay is not to bring anyone under the Law of Moses. The Law of Moses was abolished and had its ultimate fulfillment in Yeshua (Jesus). However, some aspects of the Mosaic Law were best practices and principles for life; and Shabbat was one of them.
Let’s examine the Scriptures pertaining to the Shabbat, and we will discover that the principle of Shabbat still exists.
Exodus 16:23 He told them, “This is what Adonai has said: ‘Tomorrow is a holy Shabbat for Adonai. Bake what you want to bake; boil what you want to boil; and whatever is left over, set aside and keep for the morning.’ ” 24 They set it aside till morning, as Moshe (Moses) had ordered; and it didn’t rot or have worms. 25 Moshe said, “Today, eat that; because today is a Shabbat for Adonai—today you won’t find it in the field. 26 Gather it six days, but the seventh day is the Shabbat—on that day there won’t be any.” 27 However, on the seventh day, some of the people went out to gather and found none.
Let’s exegete the above passage by making four points:
1. Shabbat was was a holy day set aside for Adoni. Israel was to do nothing on Shabbat but worship Adoni.
2. Israel was to prepare their food the day before Shabbat for Shabbat.
3. Adoni ensured that what was prepared the day before did not spoil or had worms.
4. Those who did not observe Shabbat attempted to work on Shabbat in vain.
Principle: Take necessary time to rest and just spend time in fellowship with family and Adoni. Adequately prepare, and Adoni will ensure that nothing spoils.
There is a necessity for man to work:
Genesis 3:17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to what your wife said and ate from the tree about which I gave you the order, ‘You are not to eat from it,’ the ground is cursed on your account; you will work hard to eat from it as long as you live. 18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat field plants. 19 You will eat bread by the sweat of your forehead till you return to the ground—for you were taken out of it: you are dust, and you will return to dust.”
However, we have to remember that it’s only by the love and grace of YHWH (God) that the ground yields fruit:
Genesis 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
Principle: There will ALWAYS be work to be done, pace yourself, rest, and spend time with family, friends, and YHWH.
Let’s examine the Scriptures and the principle of Shabbat further:
Exodus 20:1 Remember the day, Shabbat, to set it apart for God. 9 You have six days to labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Shabbat for Adonai your God. On it, you are not to do any kind of work—not you, your son or your daughter, not your male or female slave, not your livestock, and not the foreigner staying with you inside the gates to your property. 11 For in six days, Adonai made heaven and earth, the sea and everything in them; but on the seventh day he rested. This is why Adonai blessed the day, Shabbat, and separated it for himself.
Again, this was in the Law of Moses, and we are not under the Law of Moses. However, the principle is to offer unto Adoni a day to just spend time with family, friends, and to worship Adoni. Offer a set day and time to Adoni and ask Him to bless it. Adoni will bless you for it.
Don’t worry about work, church, or other responsibilities during the time you offered to Adoni. Listen to what the Apostle Paul says about Yeshua (Jesus):
Phillipians 4:18 Moreover, my God will fill every need of yours according to his glorious wealth, in union with the Messiah Yeshua. 20 And to God our Father be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
Let’s examine the principle of Shabbat in the lives of Yeshua’s friends Mary and Martha:
Luke 10:38 Now as they were traveling along, He entered a village; and a woman named Martha welcomed Him into her home. 39 She had a sister called Mary, who was seated at the Lord’s feet, listening to His word. 40 But Martha was distracted with all her preparations; and she came up to Him and said, “Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to do all the serving alone? Then tell her to help me.” 41 But the Lord answered and said to her, “Martha, Martha, you are worried and bothered about so many things; 42 but only one thing is necessary, for Mary has chosen the good part, which shall not be taken away from her.”
These two sisters were hosting a dinner for Yeshua. Martha was busy preparing for the dinner, and her sister Mary was sitting at Yeshua’s feet. Martha became frustrated that Mary wasn’t helping with the preparations, and she went to Yeshua about it. Notice Yeshua’s response and the principles in the text:
1. Martha you are worried about many things. Principle, we are to work, but we are to be worried about nothing (Phillipians 4:6).
2. It was necessary for Mary to sit at Yeshua’s feet. Principle, my friend, it is necessary for you to spend time with family, friends, and of course YHWH via Yeshua.
3. Mary chose to spend time at Yeshua’s feet as opposed to being encumbered with tasks. My friend, the choice is yours. You will always have pressing issues, but consider all things, and make the right choice.
4. Mary’s choice couldn’t be taken from her. When you choose to offer to Adoni time with family, friends, and YHWH via of Yeshua, you will loose NOTHING.
Conclusion: The principle of Shabbat is to rest and spend the necessary time with family, friends, and YHWH via Yeshua. The Mosaic Law of Shabbat is no longer a mandate, but the principle remains.
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